The Shastri family home, with a few rooms at one side for guests, was between the shop and the clinic. Its front door was left open day and night. Peering in, past a veranda, it looked like a temple, with a shrine on the far wall, surrounded by bare lightbulbs. Deeper into the compound, at the base of a hill, was a charmless multi-story guesthouse. A white man with a thick Indian accent kept his Tata jeep outside. He had dreadlocks down to his hips: thick, matted strips, which he wrapped into a crimson turban that looked like scruffy baggage, carried on top of his head. . Up a steep rise, through a well-watered coconut plantation, were four cottages and another guesthouse. The area on the hilltop was called the Shastri resort.
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The men were more diverse. Some wore white congress caps, but looked like neither farmers nor politicians, with whom the headgear is normally associated; others imitated sadhus, the fantastically garbed mendicants who travel between Indias holy places, cultivating dreadlocks and a peculiar vanity; still others wore a short dhoti, like. Sitting in a gokarna restaurant with their children, eating a fruit salad, they looked like hebrew or German or English speaking primitives, recently resume emerged from the bush. Claire and I had come to gokarna to work. Claire was under pressure to finish the first draft of a book about contemporary Chinese art, begun eighteen months ago in Shanghai. I was working on a project for an ophthalmology clinic, helping to sell laser eye surgery in China to the west. Allocating a chunk of our travel time to these tasks during the frantic activity of our final weeks in Shanghai, we imagined a quiet place in Indias mellow south, where winter nights were cool but days long and hot. We rented a cottage on a hill just above the village, with two desks and a kitchen, which allowed us to boil drinking water pdf and make tea. It was in the Shastri compound, a few acres of land beside gokarnas main drag owned by a family of Brahmins. The compound contained a shop at the entrance that sold fabric along with pots, pans and other household goods. Opposite it were doctors rooms, with an apartment on the two floors above.
Most didnt list an address, some not even a telephone number. Hilda, a babysitter, could be found at the surya café from 4-5pm. Audrey, the hairdresser, was staying at Kudle beach, but was flexible to move to gokarna and to the beaches (Om and Paradise). The tourists in gokarnas restaurants conformed to a few easily recognisable types. There were couples over forty eating awkwardly with limp right hands accompanied by drivers and occasionally a guide, as well as unwashed British youngsters on a gap year and small families on a cheap beach holiday. But the inheritors of hippy fascination with south Indias beaches were by far the largest group. The women wore rough cotton, cheap bangles and bells around their ankles. They resembled gypsies or, if they had pierced a nostril and chose to wear animals a veil against south Indias midday sun, the women of Rajasthan, a state in north India from which the romani emerged about a thousand years ago.
Gokarna had no electricity and no guesthouses. The early arrivals slept on the beach. They picked bananas, bought rice from local farmers and collected drinking water from the spring at the rama temple. It was exactly the sort of place they were looking for close to nature, with locals who observed far-out customs and treated them well and when they returned to san Francisco or London or Berlin, to share stories and swap advice, these hippy vagabonds became. The gokarna we arrived in was the seasonal home of itinerant hairdressers, masseuses, yoga teachers and musicians, who advertised their services by pasting notices on restaurant walls. The notices usually handmade, decorated with coloured pens and wax crayons informed us of Marias Masala massage and the services of Audrey, a event europeen hairdress (sic) who could refresh your haircut and beautify your rasta. Sound massage, reiki, yoga classes and Thai massage competed for attention beside every table.
Pilgrims are as common today. Farmers from neighbouring villages, bangalore fatcats and sadhus with bloodshot, drugged-up eyes make their way through its temples to the beach, which they return from dripping wet after a ritual dip. Fryers Idolaters have probably come to gokarna since Indias mythical golden age, thousands of years ago. The village is mentioned in the subcontinents two most important epics, the mahabharata and the ramayana, and is considered one of Indias holiest places, an equal of the god Shivas two other abodes, varanasi on the ganges and mount kailash, in the himalayas. Three hundred years after Fryers visit, another group of people arrived from the west, as full of new ideas about man and his place in the world as the Christians and Muslims were before them. The hippies started travelling to India in the late sixties. They made their way overland from Istanbul, passed through Iran, Afghanistan and pakistan along a well-established route, and after crossing the Indian border, branched north towards Kathmandu, or south, to the beaches of goa. Although the road to the village was still a dirt track, a few made it further down the malabar coast to gokarna.
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It is in this sense an adolescent, unsure of itself in the modern world, but in every other sense gokarna is old, with a history that stretches into the remotest parts of human memory. For most of this time, it has been a village of fishermen and farmers with a single distinction: a temple that is believed to contain the soul of Shiva. But India has entered a period of rapid change, and gokarna is being pulled along with. Two thousand years ago, monsoon winds blew Roman trading ships across the Arabian sea to the nearby port of muziris, lost to history until 2006, and Indians have encountered foreign ideas and people along the malabar coast the strip of tropical coastline that stretches south. Christianity found its report first Indian converts here in. Jews fleeing the destruction of Jerusalem arrived in. Islamic merchants brought news of their prophet in the seventh century, and Portugal established its trading posts at points along the malabar coast after Europeans first rounded the cape.
In the late seventeenth apollo century, when British interests in the subcontinent were still confined to a handful of malarial outposts, the Englishman John Fryer travelled south from goa to gokarna. His account of the village is now almost 350 years old, but Fryers description of its bathing tank where all of both Sexes Wash and Present Rice and Mony to the. Brachmins might have been written yesterday. Even the two large wooden temple chariots he describes, drawn on Wheels, two Stories high, with a cupulo on the top, which was stuck round full of Streamers of Orient Colours, are still there, kept in exactly the same position. Gokarna, wrote Fryer, is of such repute for its Sanctity and Meritoriousness of a pilgrimage hither, that all sorts of Idolaters, from the remotest parts of India, come in sholes and we found so many that the Streets were troublesome to crowd through.
They were to maintain the order of monks and nuns. Moggallana attained enlightenment shortly after joining the sangha. As a teacher, he became known for his psychic powers, which he used extensively in his teaching methods. Khema was a queen of King Bimbisara. Her conversion was one of the rare cases where the buddha used his psychic powers to make a change in the heart of another.
Buddhas disciples also include kings like prasenajit of Kosala, bimbisara and Ajatasatru of Magadha. Two other important disciples include Ananda who was gautama buddhas cousin and personal attendant, and Mahakasyapa, who was the convener of First Buddhist council. By, iain Manley, jun 6, 2011, proceeding next to gokarna celebrated over the three worlds, and which is situated, o best of kings, in the midst of the deep, and is reverenced by all the worlds, and where the gods headed by Brahma, and Rishis endued with. By this, one acquireth the merit of the horse-sacrifice, and the status of Ganapatya. . By staying there for twelve nights, ones soul is cleansed of all sins. The mahabharata, written between 400 and 100 bce. Part I: Arrival, gokarna is a village growing awkwardly and uncomfortably into a town.
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What: The pgs is an internationally applicable organic quality assurance system like iso 9000 implemented and controlled by the committed organic farmer-producers through active participation, along with the consumers, in the process based on verifiable trust. The integrity base upon which pgs-india programme is built, is rooted in the idea that producers can be trusted and that the organic guarantee system can be an expression and verification of this trust. It is not an inspection raj certification system but, rather, one that is based on personal integrity and peer pressure. Integrity is honesty when no one is looking over your shoulder to blume see what you are doing. Note: Related npop has been covered in Insights Current events. Source: px Important Disciples of gautam Buddha sariputta was one of two chief male disciples of gautama buddha along with Moggallana. Their important counterparts were bhikkhunis Khema and Uppalavanna, buddhas two chief female disciples.
This tool, which is a soft-law to be implemented by member States on a voluntary basis. How: unesco recommends that Member States and relevant local authorities identify within their specific contexts the critical steps to implement the historic Urban Landscape approach, which may include survey, participatory planning, assessing vulnerability of such landscapes and then integrate a wider conservation practice into the. You may read more at the source. Source: pgs-india (Participatory guarantee system of India) Background: At present, the consumers do not have any method to check the authenticity of the organic food products due to the absence of a regulatory framework. To enforce standards, fssai has come out with draft regulations for organic food products to ensure the authenticity of organic foods. Organic food products must carry a certification mark or a quality assurance mark provided by the notified certification bodies. So, organic foods will have to comply with the governments provisions under the national Programme for Organic Production (npop) or the participatory guarantee system for India (pgs-india) run by the Agriculture ministry or any other standards notified by fssai.
at Moscow. Nu follows principles of: Openness, which enables various universities to join the network respecting national criteria. Focus on educational programmes that can be supplemented with network research and innovation projects. Historic Urban Landscape Initiative unesco, when: Adopted in 2011 by unesco, it is the first such instrument (set of recommendations) on the historic environment issued by unesco in 35 years. What: It is an international working group comprising icomos, iucn and iccrom (as Advisory bodies to the 1972 World Heritage convention) and other partner organizations. These partners include organizations like owhc (Organization of World Heritage cities the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, the world Bank, un-habitat, unep, and individual experts etc. Why: The recommendation on the historic Urban Landscape will not replace existing doctrines or conservation approaches of unesco. It is an additional tool to integrate policies and practices of conservation of the built environment into the wider goals of urban development in respect of the inherited values and traditions of different cultural contexts.
Source: m, brics think tank council (bttc brics universities league and brics network University. Brics think tanks council (bttc) : It was proposed at a 2013 meeting of brics and confirmed at the ethekwini summit (Durban, south role Africa). The bttc comprises the Observer Research foundation (ORF) (India) apart from think tanks from individual brics countries such as Institute for Applied Economic Research (ipea) (Brazil). Purpose is to form a platform for the exchange of ideas among researchers, academia and think tanks, to convene the brics academic Forum, and to present policy recommendations and guidance to the brics leaders for consideration. Brics universities league : It is a consortium of leading research universities from brics countries. Initiated in Shanghai in 2013, the league aims to become a platform for academic and expert cooperation, comparative research, and international educational projects. The league is expanding to attract more and more outstanding brics universities to participate in its activities.
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I-learning Test 1: 17-fx global Code, what? It is a set of benefits global principles of good practice in the foreign exchange market. It provides a common set of guidelines to promote the integrity and effective functioning of a fair, open and robust wholesale foreign exchange market. This is because forex market involves diverse set of Market Participants, who should be able to confidently and effectively transact at competitive prices that accurately reflects available market information and in a manner that conforms to acceptable standards of behaviour. It was developed through a partnership between central banks and market Participants. Details: The Global Code does not impose legal or regulatory obligations on Market Participants, nor does it substitute for regulation, but rather it is intended to serve as a supplement to any and all local laws, rules and regulations by identifying global good practices and. Recent developments: Public and private sector representatives from the foreign exchange committees of several international fx trading centres recently (may 2017) agreed to form a global Foreign Exchange committee (gfxc). One of the core objectives of the gfxc will be to promote and maintain the fx global Code.